born in Kovno, Lithuania and had a normal and beautiful childhood.
In 1941 when the first bomb fell on our city without any previous warning, our lives changed and my childhood finished.
My family tried to flee in the direction of Russia but the Germans were much faster and we were forced to return to Vilna after innumerable frightening experiences, and within a short time we were placed in the Ghetto.
After two and a half years, the Ghetto was liquidated. My mother was murdered by the Germans the next day and my father was transported to a camp in Estonia and was murdered there.
My grandfather and grandmother who were a very important part of my life were murdered in the Ghetto in Kovno. My sister and I were sent to the concentration camp Kaiserwald in Latvia. Afterwards, we were transferred to a number of work camps, in which our only food consisted of several pieces of bread and a bowl of barely eatable soup in exchange for many hours of slave labor.
Before the liberation, we were forced on a death march to the gas chambers, but my sister and I managed to escape to a small town on the border between Poland and Germany, and there we were liberated by the Red Army in 1945.
I passed through Rumania on my way to Israel several months later as
part of the Youth Aliya. I fought in the war of liberation in one of the
kibbutzim of Gush Etzion. We were captured by the Jordanian Army
I attended a number of different schools over a period of five years, and afterwards raised a family - a privilege for the few who had survived. I studied art and have been creating during the last 25 years.
My paintings are in Yad VaShem, the Holocaust Museum at Tel Yitzchak, and photographs of my works are in the Holocaust Museum in Washington for research and documentation.
My painting were exhibited at Achva College in the Negev in a special showing on Holocaust Day. Most recently my paintings and sculptures are exhibited at Yad-Laad Museum for the Holocaust in Moshav Nir Galim. I have also exhibited my sculptures in a gallery exhibition in Tel Aviv.
I have been able to transfer the horror of the Holocaust in my art. Every individual who survived that other world, has a duty to leave documentation behind so that future generations will remember and will not forget.
I hope that we will live in a better world and that the horror of the Holocaust will never happen again.
The war ended in 1945. For me, the Holocaust will never end.